Obesity Research and Prevention News Review: March 22, 2011

Obesity Research and Prevention News Headlines Review: week ending March 22, 2011

in collaboration with the Canadian Obesity Network  (CON)  and The Research Chair in Obesity from Université Laval
Follow Obesity News and more news on Twitter

Epidemiology-                                                            
European life expectancy rising despite obesity: 18 March
Simple factors like how rich a nation is and how much it spends on health care do not necessarily correlate with its people’s lifespans.

Etiology – Determinants                                                       –
Preventing Obesity Part 2: Mental Work (Slideshow and Podcast with Angelo Tremblay) Obesity Panacea 16 March

Complications                                                                 
Link Between Body Mass Index And Age At Hepatocellular Carcinoma Onset  16 March
Prediabetes on the rise in the U.S. – latimes.com:  21 March

Treatment                                                       
HCG weight-loss products are fraudulent, FDA says January
Study Suggests Gastric Banding Associated With Relatively Poor Long-Term Outcomes 21 March
REVIEW: an indication for GLP-1 treatment? Obesity pathophysiology and GLP-1 treatment potential – Obesity Reviews  21 March
Hoodia, a Powerful Appetite Suppressant Plant?: 21 March

Management                                                          
Here’s to ‘a whole new way of eating’ to lose weight 15 March
Increasing exercise and decreasing weight can go a long way in preventing an advance into diabetes – latimes.com:  21 March

 Policy – Prevention                                            
Price point one way to ‘nudge’ shoppers; ‘Fat tax’ concept gaining popularity worldwide  18 March
Shed the pounds: One in three think obese should pay extra for their health care | 17 March

 Children                                                    
How children’s character Sportacus could help Government tackle obesity  March 15
Ministers want to use the BBC children’s programme Lazytown to help tackle obesity. They hope the show – which sees the athletic superhero Sportacus persuade kids to stop playing video games and be active – can promote healthy eating and exercise.

 Nutrition – Diet                                                  
Might be a good idea to evaluate your diet soda habit:  March 7
A study found an increased risk for stroke and heart attack among people who drink diet soda every day vs. those who drink no soda at all.
The Dukan Diet Reviewed  21 March The Dukan Diet was created by French physician Pierre Dukan more than 10 years ago. Essentially, it’s a four-phase, high-protein, low-calorie diet plan.
Intermittent diet is as effective than daily calorie restriction: for weight loss, but less FFM lost in intermittent 21 March

 Physical Activity-                                                    –
Psychological Effects of Exercise in Adolescents Arya Sharma 21 March
Exercise directly affects many of the psychological and emotional factors that can drive overeating and promote weight gain.
Television viewing time independently predicts all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: the EPIC Norfolk Study 21 March
Non-vigorous physical activity and all-cause mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies  21 March
Being physically active reduces the risk of all-cause mortality. The largest benefit was found from moving from no activity to low levels of activity, but even at high levels of activity benefits accrue from additional activity.

 Behaviour – Consumption                             
Taking control of the sugar in our food, drinks:  18 March
While sugar is no doubt a factor in the obesity epidemic, it is only one factor among many.
The average American consumes 22.5 teaspoons of added sugar daily, half of which from regular soda and fruit drinks:  17 March

Environment                                  
In More Dense And Urban Residential Developments African-American Women Gain Less Weight: 18 March
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine’s (BUSM) Slone Epidemiology Center have found that African-American women who live in more densely populated urban areas gain less weight than those in more sprawling auto-oriented areas.

Industry -Marketing–                            
Front labels of packaged beverages now include the total number of calories in containers of 20 ounces or less: 17 March
Food Politics » Soda companies vs. soda taxes: breathtaking creativity: Marion Nestle17 March (Freedhoff Hat)

Dr Paul Boisvert, PhD
Exercise Physiologist (PhD), Kinesiologist, Nutrition specialist, Weight loss expert, Communication (Analyst reporter), Coordinator CIHR Obesity Research Chair at Universite Laval
Mission :Inform people about food, physical activity and weight management so they I can help them to make better choice in terms of healthier lifestyle habits.

Newsletter Review Headlines on Obesity Research and Prevention: March 1

by Paul Boisvert, PhD
Follow Obesity News and more news on Twitter

 Epidemiology-                                                            
Millions of Overweight People Unaware of Cardiometabolic Dangers  25 Feb
Experts meeting at the 2nd International Congress on Abdominal Obesity (ICAO) today issued a warning that millions of individuals around the globe are at risk from the cardiometabolic consequences of being overweight. Worryingly, the experts suggest that these people are not being identified by their doctors.

Etiology – Determinants                                                       –

Interview with Denis Richard chair of the CIHR Research Chair in Obesity at Université Laval explains its research projects on neuropeptides and the regulation by the brain of the energy balance that controls hunger and energy expenditure and explains the etiology of obesity
Eating More Calories Increases Weight (In Most People – but not in everybody)  AM Sharma 21 Feb
Energy Balance Scale: simple but Completely Wrong Depiction!. According to the laws of physics when [calories in] exceed [calories out] people gain weight. Unfortunately, when you actually deal with people (read: biological systems), this simple law is anything but simple. This is because, thanks to complex biological feedback mechanisms, designed by nature to keep us alive and thriving, changing caloric intake in turn affects caloric expenditure and vice-versa.
Brain Insulin Plays Critical Role In The Development Of Diabetes And Obesity  17 Feb
Researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine have discovered a novel function of brain insulin, indicating that impaired brain insulin action may be the cause of the unrestrained lipolysis that initiates and worsens type 2 diabetes in humans. The research is published this month in the journal Cell Metabolism.

Complications                                                                 
Studies suggest the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages can be linked to the risk of type 2 diabetes
Millions Of Overweight People Unaware Of Cardiometabolic Dangers 26 Feb

Treatment                                                       
Yo-yo diets: Scientists discover key protein which piles the weight back on :  24 Feb
Gastric bypass better than Lap-Band: study  21 Feb
A study of the two most popular weight-loss surgeries found obese diabetics who had gastric bypass surgery lost 64 percent of their excess weight after a year, compared with 36 percent in those treated with Allergan Inc’s Lap-Band device, researchers said
End of the yo-yo diet? Scientists discover key protein which piles the weight back on  24 Feb
Yo-yo dieters who pile on the pounds as soon as they relax their regime could soon be offered a helping hand. Obesity doctors believe they can spot which women will be more vulnerable to weight gain after coming off a diet, after linking the characteristic to levels of a protein in their blood called angiotensin-converting enzyme.
Obese are treated for pre-diabetes, dyslipidemia and hypertension, but not treated for the cause, their adiposity  25 Feb
HCG pills is a naturally hormone that tells the hypothalamus when to cause the body using up its fat stores cells.:  1 March

Management        
                                                  
My Healthy Waist – a comprehensive risk assessment tool apps for iPad:  25 Feb
Update on management of atherogenic dyslipidemia of insulin resistance, obesity, and type 2 diabetes… (Slideshow)
Studies Find Clinicians Important Influencers To Help Overweight And Obese Patients Deal With Weight And Related Health Issues… 28 Feb Lifestyle counseling by nurse practitioners did not lead to significantly better prevention of weight gain compared with general practitioners. In the majority in both groups, lifestyle counseling succeeded in preventing (further) weight gain Archives of Internal Medicine

Nutrition – Diet                                                  
Realism or cop-out? Marion Nestle on « Let’s Move, » one year later, and their dealings with Wal-Mart. 23 Fev

 Physical Activity-                                                    –
Focus On How, Not Why To Increase Physical Activity 22 Feb
In a new study, University of Missouri researchers found that healthy adults who received interventions focused on behavior-changing strategies significantly increased their physical activity levels. Conversely, interventions based on cognitive approaches, which try to change knowledge and attitudes, did not improve physical activity.
3,000 Steps Five Days A Week Wards Off Diabetes   13 Jan
If you walk three thousand steps a day, five days each week, your chances of developing diabetes and becoming obese are significantly reduced, Australian researchers report in the BMJ (British Medical Journal).

More:

New column about our friends at McDonald’s successful attempt to turn oatmeal into junk food:

Dr Paul Boisvert, PhD
Exercise Physiologist (PhD), Kinesiologist, Nutrition specialist, Weight loss expert, Communication (Analyst reporter), Coordinator CIHR Obesity Research Chair at Universite Laval
Mission :Inform people about food, physical activity and weight management so they I can help them to make better choice in terms of healthier lifestyle habits.

Obesity Research and Prevention News Review: Week 21 February 2011

Newsletter Review Headline on Obesity Research and Prevention
by Paul Boisvert, PhD
in collaboration with the Canadian Obesity Network  (CON)  and The Research Chair in Obesity from Université Laval
Notice: Only headlines are presented here. Full news links are not available unless you are a member of the
Canadian Obesity Network  (CON) 
Follow Obesity News and more news on Twitter

Etiology – Determinants                                                      
Brain’s response to sugars may explain obesity Feb 10, 2011
Study discovers difference in way fructose and glucose impact brain

Complications                                                                 
An epidemic of risk factors for cardiovascular disease Feb 12, 2011
Despite great progress and success in improvement of cardiovascular outcomes, the gains of recent years are likely to be overshadowed by the sheer volume of cardiovascular disease that will accrue from untreated risk factors.
Obesity alone raises risk of fatal heart attack, study finds Feb 16, 2011
Obese men face a dramatically higher risk of dying from a heart attack, regardless of whether or not they have other known risk factors for cardiovascular disease, a new study reveals.

Treatment                                                         
Surveying adult weight management services in Canada   15 Feb
Canadian Pediatric Weight Management Programs  Map

FDA Approves Wider Use Of Allergan’s Lap Band For Obesity  Feb 16, 2011
The Food and Drug Administration approved broader use of Allergan Inc.’s (AGN) stomach shrinking Lap-band product, the company said Wednesday.

Management        
                                                  
VIDEO: Losing 5% of your body weight can translate into significant benefits for your cardiovascular health.
The weight change group (-7% after 12 months) was a result of higher PA (+162 min/week) combined with the adoption of eating behaviors

 Policy – Prevention                                            
Is ‘Eat Real Food’ Unthinkable? – NYTimes.com: Critic on US Food Guidelines and Wall Mart Initiative 11 Feb

Many Canadians don’t believe health claims on food Feb 11, 2011
Nearly half of Canadians don’t believe health claims on food products, according to a new poll released yesterday. And most shoppers don’t want to pay extra for a product that says it’s good for you

Nutrition – Diet                                                  
The New Dietary Guidelines: Nutritionists React Feb 11, 2011
The 2010 edition of the dietary guidelines appeared on January 31. Since then, FoodNavigator-USA says it has been gathering reactions and taking a look at how the guidelines are likely to affect food and beverage companies. Reports.
App : shoppers scan a product bar code in the grocery store for an instant read on a food’s health value @Fooducate

 Physical Activity-                                                    –
How is the National Physical Activity Plan getting Americans moving? Find out in the implementation report online at
The Canadian Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines and youth ages 12-17 Feb 16, 2011
The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology’s (CSEP) Canadian Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines for Children and Youth are the first, systematic evidence-based sedentary behaviour guidelines in the world.
Canada Releases World’s First Evidence-Based Sedentary Guidelines Feb 15, 2011
Exciting news today – this morning the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP) released the world’s first evidence-based sedentary behaviour guidelines. There have been some guidelines in the past, most notably for screen time, but they were essentially based on best-guesses more than any objective evidence.
               Canadian Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines (Children and Youth) Information Sheet:

               Clinical Practice Guidelines for Sedentary Behaviour for Children and Youth:  CompleteDevelopment APNM Feb 2011:

               Canadian Sedentary Guidelines Statements Child 5 – 11 YEARS Scientific Statement .pdf :

 Behaviour – Consumption                             
Shaming the obese – with photos like these – isn’t working  Feb 04, 2011
If we are to solve the overweight problem, ‘fat jokes’ and discrimination must become unacceptable

Environment                                    
Supersizing Supercenters? The Impact of Wal-Mart Supercenters on Body Mass Index and Obesity Feb 13, 2011
The proliferation of Walmart Supercenters explains 11% of the rise in obesity since the late 1980s, but the resulting increase in medical expenditures offsets only a small portion of consumers’ savings from shopping at Supercenters.

Industry -Marketing–                                        
Hungry? Your Stomach Really Does Have a Mind of Its Own Nestle Scientists Try To Train the Brain in the Gut To Feel Full With Less Food Jan 25, 2011 A group of Nestle SA researchers here are on an unusual mission: They hope to create new foods based on gut instinct.
Calorie Labeling Has No Effect On Teenagers’ Or Parents’ Food Purchases Feb 16, 2011
A new study led by an NYU School of Medicine investigator and published in the February 15, 2011, Advance Online Publication, International Journal of Obesity, challenges the idea that calorie labelling has an effect on the purchasing behaviour of teenagers or what parents purchase for their children.