Obesity Research and Prevention News Review: May 18, 2011

Obesity Research and Prevention News Headlines Review: May 18, 2011
in collaboration with the Canadian Obesity Network  (CON)  and The Research Chair in Obesity from Université Laval
Follow Obesity News and more news on Twitter
Network News                                                                  .
Videos from the 2nd National Obesity Summit are online!
If you missed it, or want to revisit
Financial burden and emotional implications of severe obesity as important as physical issues: Survey

 Epidemiology- Evaluation                                                     
Expert Opinion: Abdominal obesity: a poorly assessed modifiable cardiovascular disease risk factor: by Paul Poirier 11 May

Etiology – Determinants                                                      
Early Nutrition has Long-Lasting Metabolic Impact : 2 May

In obese with leptin insensitivity, inhibiting PTPe help to reestablish the leptin response and induce weight loss:  4 May
Leptin reduces appetite. Paradoxically, obese cells become resistant to its effects, and more leptin is then generated to compensate. The new research shows that PTPe (protein tyrosine phosphatase epsilon) plays a role in this resistance
Contribution of leptin in the physiology of body weight reduction @DrSharma 18 May
Respective contributions of the skeletal muscle, the liver, the beta cell, and the brain to insulin resistance 18 May
Interview with C. Ronald Kahn, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
How our body and muscles respond to increases in body mass via @nytimeswell  18 May
Does Stress Make Us Overweight?  21 April
Obesity Master Switch Gene Found  17 May
A master regulator gene which causes obesity and is linked to diabetes and cholesterol and controls the behavior of distant genes that exist inside fat cells has been identified
Expert Opinion: Muscle contraction vs. insulin in the activation of glucose transport: By Laurie Goodyear YouTube –  11 May

Complications                                                                 
Link Between Obesity And Higher Risk Of Prostate Cancer Progression   16 May
Depot-specific differences and insufficient subcutaneous adipose tissue angiogenesis in human obesity.  12 May
New Research Suggests Strong Link Between Beverage Consumption and Cardiometabolic Health   18 April
Usefulness of hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype in type2 diabetes mellitus predict presence of coronary artery disease 11 May

Treatment                                                        
Expert Opinion: Dietary management of obesity: too much focus on fat?: YouTube –  11 May
By Dariush Mozaflarian, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
In obese with leptin insensitivity, inhibiting PTPe help to reestablish the leptin response and induce weight loss: 4 May

Management                                                          
Recorded debate Forks vs Feet – A Live Debate: 12 May
Dr Bob Ross and Dr Yoni Freedhoff debate the relative merits of diet and exercise in the prevention and treatment of overweight and obesity. (2 videos)
Behavioral counseling to promote physical activity and a healthful diet to prevent cardiovascular disease in adults  11 May
Focus on the dos not the don’ts: 4 May
Helpful advice from Harvard Business Review

 Policy – Prevention – Regulations                                

 Children-Pediatrics                                                 
Low-fat dairy doesn’t help kids drop pounds: Study:  2 May
Obesity: Children who have family meals are ‘less likely to be overweight and binge on junk food’ :
Childhood Obesity Foundation: 5 F&V, 2h Screen time a day, 1h Phys Act 0 Sweet beverages  4 may
Early Nutrition has Long-Lasting Metabolic Impact :  3 May

 Nutrition – Diet                                                        
Consumer Reports Ranks Diet Plans; Jenny Craig Takes the Crown ahead of Unilever’s Slim-Fast and Weight Watchers: 10 May
Video — The Real Problem With Fast Food via @youtube
Diabetes UK Position Statement On Low Carbohydrate Diets: 4 may

 Physical Activity- Sedentarity                                   –
Game Consoles Can Help Inactive Adults Get Fit:

Do video games make kids eat more? | Reuters: JeanPhilippeChaput #con11 4 May
Will A Genetic Test Tell Me How Much To Exercise? 16 May
Do Genetic Variations Alter the Effects of Exercise Training on Cardiovascular Disease and Can We Identify the Candidate Variants Now or In the Future?
Gaining muscle doesn’t make your metabolism skyrocket. The myth of ripped muscles melting calories : 16 May

Obesity Research and Prevention News Headlines Review: SPECIAL EDITION: 2nd Canadian Obesity Summit in Montreal, May 1, 2011

Obesity Research and Prevention News Headlines Review: SPECIAL EDITION:
2nd Canadian Obesity Summit in Montreal,  May 1,  2011
in collaboration with the Canadian Obesity Network  (CON)  and The Research Chair in Obesity from Université Laval
Follow Obesity News and more news on Twitter
CON Network News                                                                  .
National Obesity Summit 2011: Click here to download a PDF of the final program.
All Tweets found at https://twitter.com/?status=#!/search/%23con11
Canadian Obesity Network: Canadian Research Takes Centre Stage at 2nd National Obesity Summit
Dr Angelo Tremblay received the Distinguished Lecturer Award at Obesity Summit 28 April @AtifKukaswadia
his recent talks here Obesity Panacea
Uni. of Ottawa CON-SNPs win the video contest!! All videos here: @AtifKukaswadia
Pictures throughout the National Obesity Summit here.  By @AtifKukaswadia
you can see some of the students, clinicians, and researchers taking part in the conference.

Etiology – Determinants                                                       –
VIDEO: CON 2011 New Investigator Award JP Chaput 2011-04-29 @PaulBoisvert CIHR obesity research chair
CON New Investigator Award Jean-Philippe Chaput in Montreal April 2011 Obesity Summit
Does adult obesity take root in infancy?  Obesity Panacea

Complications                                                                 
VIDEO: New Perspectives in Diabetes Treatment 29 April @PaulBoisvert CIHR obesity research chair
Interview with Remi Rabasa-Lhoret day 2. He discusses new drugs that are being investigated, including those that work through GLP-1, and also those that actually increase glucose « leak » from the kidneys, which reduces blood sugar and also reduces body weight
About the metabolic surgery review symposium: How Gastric bypass surgery help treat diabetes? 1 May @PaulBoisvert

Treatment                                                         
Congrès national sur l’obésité: la perte de poids à tout prix remise en question 28 avril
34% women would elect to lose weight by lipo, 26% g bypass, 14% cutting calories, 2% exercise. 1 May @DrSuePedersen
Bariatric Research Agenda For Canada @DrSharma

Management                                                          
**VIDEO: 10 Tools for Weight Management in primary care with Dr Arya Sharma Day 1, 28 April @PaulBoisvert CIHR obesity research chair
Arya Sharma explains the importance of using the 10 most recommended do’s and don’t  family doctors can do to address Obesity in Primary Care (10 min)

VIDEO: The 4M’s in the evaluation of patient counsulting for weight-obesity management in primary care by Arya Sharma 29 April @PaulBoisvert CIHR obesity research chair
Lifestyle modification is core to obesity management By Peter Janiszewski, Ph.D.

 Policy – Prevention – Regulations                                
L’obésité : Un problème national discuté à Montréal| Radio-Canada.ca: 28 avril
VIDEO : on Building Trust to Address Obesity  @DianeFinegood 29 April
VIDEO:  The new Reality Coalition of Canada 30 April @PaulBoisvert CIHR obesity research chair
Interview with Yoni Freedhoff about the new Reality Coalition of Canada + His Talk
Une coalition canadienne pour agir contre l’obésité @MarieAllard LaPresse
« Junk food » taxes rather than »fat » taxes because it concerns everybody, not only persons with obesity: @yonifreedhoff
Malbouffe: les avertissements plus efficaces qu’une taxe? Sean Cash de l’Université du Wisconsin: @MarieAllard
Une taxe minime sur la malbouffe ne changerait pas les comportements alimentaires, selon Sean Cash at #CON11: LaPresse

 Children-Pediatrics                                                  
VIDEO: TROPIC (Treatment and Research of Obesity in Pediatrics in Canada ) initiative 2011-04-30 @PaulBoisvert CIHR obesity research chair
Interview with Geoff Ball about TROPIC initiative
Canadian (and others around the world) Pediatric Weight Management Registry from TROPIC : @PaulBoisvert
This project is studying the health over time of children and adolescents who are enrolled in a weight management program in Canada.

 Nutrition – Diet                                                        
VIDEO The role of milk in weight control and CVD prevention 2011-04-30: @PaulBoisvert CIHR obesity research chair
Interview with Arne Astrup from Copenhagen on the importance of milk in weight control and CVD prevention, and especially because of its protein and calcium content
Comments: Is “Wine and Milk” Better than “Wine and Cheese”? Martin Sénéchal | Obesity Panacea
Musings on the muffins at the Canadian Obesity Network conference. Weighty Matters

 Physical Activity- Sedentarity – Active Transportation

Quebec and BC have good cycling policies. Other areas in Canada need work.  Megan Carter at @ PhDPopHealth
Canadian kids get 40 hours of screen time per week (Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card)

Environment                                    
USA talks up walk friendly communities to save on fuel costs and ease obesity! @rightproperty

Industry -Marketing                                
Building Trust in Tackling Obesity? @DrSharma @DianeFinegood
Building trust video @SarahFrood
Commercial marketing in children session speakers

Obesity Research and Prevention News Headlines Review: April 29, 2011

Obesity Research and Prevention News Headlines Review: April 29,  2011
in collaboration with the Canadian Obesity Network  (CON)  and The Research Chair in Obesity from Université Laval
Follow Obesity News and more news on Twitter
 Network News                                                                  .
National Obesity Summit 2011: Click here to download a PDF of the final program.
Canadian Obesity Network: Canadian Research Takes Centre Stage at 2nd National Obesity Summit
Epidemiology-                                                              

Etiology – Determinants                                                       –
Low Vitamin D Levels Tied to Obesity in Kids 29 April

vitamin D deficient. Low levels of vitamin D were associated with higher body mass index and fat levels, and lower levels of “good” high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol.
Complications                                                                 
Diet soda doesn’t raise diabetes risk: study  15 April
ACE inhibitor drug, ramipril, is effective in lowering the risk of end-stage renal disease in obese patients: 29 April
Treatment                                                         
Liposuction does not permanently remove fat neither improve health | Obesity Panacea: 25 April

Management                                                          
Community-Wide Programs To Encourage Exercise Might Fall Short: 14 April
Conclusive results for Montreal Heart Institute’s program combining interval training and healthy eating practices : 29 April

 Policy – Prevention – Regulations                                
Canada’s #1 health crisis deserves attention during election  April 21

Labels can dissuade buyers of unhealthy food  9 April

 Children-Pediatrics                                                  
Survey: Kids lack exercise, healthful foods 13 April

 Nutrition – Diet                                                        
Diet soda doesn’t raise diabetes risk: study
The rise of anti-inflammatory nutrients: 29 April

 Physical Activity- Sedentarity                                   –
Is Screen Time More About “Calories In” Than “Calories Out”? A. Sharma 25 April

Study: high-intensity exercise may be better than endurance training for preventing cardiovascular disease
How much exercise are overweight and obese people getting? More than many might think: 29 April
The investigators found that 29 percent had been exercising for six months, 39 percent regularly exercised and 25 percent contemplated exercising. Only 12 percent had no desire or thoughts of getting active.

 Behaviour – Consumption                                          
FOODTIPS How to curb cravings: 21 April

Industry -Marketing                                

Renaming unhealthy food products as healthy options is enough to entice health-conscious consumers into buying — and eating more — unwise food choices, new research suggests.

Obesity Research and Prevention News Headlines Review: April 15, 2011

Obesity Research and Prevention News Headlines Review: April 15,  2011
in collaboration with the Canadian Obesity Network  (CON)  and The Research Chair in Obesity from Université Laval
Follow Obesity News and more news on Twitter

Network News                                                                  .
National Obesity Summit 2011: The preliminary program is available by clicking here. 
 
 Epidemiology-                                                              
Cardiometabolic Risk in Canada Arya Sharma 6 April

Etiology – Determinants                                                       –
Sugar-sweetened beverages account for at least 20% of the weight gained between 1977 and 2007 in the United States 5 April
Actions that are successful in reducing sweetened beverage consumption are likely to have a measurable impact on obesity.
The Metabolic Signaling Pathway Responsible For Dyslipidemia Identified By Researchers 6 April
A nutrient sensing pathway  is involved in the disruption of cellular lipid homeostasis in obese and insulin resistant mice fed a diet high in fat and sucrose. AMPK directly suppresses SREBP via its phosphorylation, inhibiting the activity of its target lipogenic enzymes in the liver, and accounting for the protective effects of the polyphenols on fatty liver, blood lipids and diabetic atherosclerosis.

Complications                                                                 
Getting To The Root Of Fatty Liver Disease  6 April
Study Clarifies Link Between High-Fat Diet And Type 2 Diabetes: saturated fatty acids activate an inflammatory protein  12 April
Saturated fatty acids but not the unsaturated type can activate immune cells to produce an inflammatory protein, called interleukin-1beta.

VIDEO : The role of inflammation in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes:  MyHealthyWaist 6 April

Treatment                                                         
The CONQUER study Phase 3 positive results of Qnexa for Obesity and associated co-morbidities:  11 April
Diet plus exercise is more effective for weight loss than either method alone: 14 April
Using « healthy lifestyle changes », town cuts heart attack rate by 24% in 15 months. 3 April
Obesity surgery ‘cuts’ diabetes 13 April

Management                                                          
Combination of weight loss and exercise provides greater improvement in physical function in obese older individuals A S Sharma 4 April
How Effective is Lifestyle Management of Obesity? A S  Sharma  15 April
There is good evidence that individualised interventions that take a more holistic approach and are delivered by a multi-disciplinary team of health professionals in a manner consistent with best-practices in chronic disease management are most likely to succeed in the long-term

 Policy – Prevention                                            
While tax to « junk food » had some impact, placing a warning label on poor choices had much greater effect.  11 April
While adding a tax to « junk food » selections had some impact, they found, placing a warning label on poor choices had much greater effect. Labels with graphic photos – like those on Canada’s cigarette packages – might dissuade still more overweight adults from buying food that would pack on more pounds.

 Children                                                      
Overweight Children: How Parents Can Talk to Kids About Weight  15 April

 Nutrition – Diet                                                  
Functional Iron Deficiency in Obesity  A S Sharma 11 April
Blueberries Contain Vital Polyphenols That May Help Curb Obesity 11 April
The highest dose of blueberry polyphenols yielded a 73% decrease in lipids; the lowest dose showed a 27% decrease. Red wine also has anthocyanosides, catechins, proanthocyanidins, stilbenes and other phenolics.

 Physical Activity-                                                    –
Community-Wide Programs To Encourage Exercise Might Fall Short: 14 April

People with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease may benefit from a walking program  13 April
Walking on a treadmill is great for overall health, but it also may put the brakes on the development of fatty liver disease in obese people who are pre-diabetic.
Exercising gets more important with age  13 April
Study: high-intensity exercise may be better than endurance training for preventing cardiovascular disease 13 April
The teens in the high-intensity group achieved those health benefits with only 15% of the exercise time put in by those in the moderate-intensity group
Is GameBike An Effective Way To Increase Physical Activity?  Obesity Panacea 14 April
VIDEO : Physical activity: it’s never too late:  MyHealthyWaist 17 March

 Behaviour – Consumption                             
Restaurants say consumers are finally ordering healthier meals – USATODAY.com:  April 14
Study: Compulsive eaters may have ‘food addiction’ – USATODAY.com:   13 April

Environment                                    
Fat Stigma Spreads Around the Globe 11 April

Industry -Marketing–                                

Restaurants say consumers are finally ordering healthier meals – USATODAY.com: 13 April
For the first two months of 2011, the top-selling entree at Applebee’s wasn’t a gloppy burger or flashy fajita plate. It was a sirloin and shrimp entree from the chain’s diet menu. This marks the first time that a low-calorie item ever ranked as the chain’s best seller for a single month — let alone two in a row.

Obesity Research and Prevention News Headlines Review: April 1, 2011

Obesity Research and Prevention News Headlines Review: April 1,  2011
in collaboration with the Canadian Obesity Network  (CON)  and The Research Chair in Obesity from Université Laval
Follow Obesity News and more news on Twitter
Network News                                                                  .
National Obesity Summit 2011: The preliminary program is available by clicking here.

Etiology – Determinants                                                       –
Sleep-deprived people eat 300 more calories a day 23 March
Preference For Junk Food Acquired By Offspring During Pregnancy   24 March
Pregnant mothers who eat high sugar and high fat diets have babies who are likely to become junk food junkies themselves. 24 mars
Teens At Risk For Obesity Show Greater Brain Activity In Response To Food:  24 March

Complications                                                                 
Eskimo Study Suggests Diet Rich In Omega-3 Fats May Reduce Risk Of Obesity-Related Disease 25 March
Set-Point Theory and Obesity – Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders: 24 mars
Obesity Related Kidney Disease  A.S. Sharma March 28
Overview of the impact of obesity on kidney function. The summary of this talk was recently published in Current Opinions in Nephrology and Hypertension.

Treatment                                                        
Amylin Obesity Drug Research Halted by FDA: 24 March

Management                                                          
Moderate Sleep And Less Stress May Help With Weight Loss 29 March
Spreading Fat Stigma Around the Globe – NYTimes.com:  31 March (hat Bill Colmers)

 Policy – Prevention                                            
The war against obesity: treatment solutions proposed The Gazette  26 March
Interviews with P Boisvert and J-P Després
International Diabetes Federation Position Statement on Bariatric Surgery 29 March

 Children                                                     
Putting Evidence Into Practice for childhood obesity  TROPICS  March 31
Health practitioners have slides set tool for obesity prevention and management in children and adolescents

 Nutrition – Diet                                                  
Preventing Obesity Part 3: Nutrition presentation with Angelo Tremblay (Podcast and video) | Obesity Panacea:  23 March
Diet sodas: They have their pros and cons :  24 March
The Key To Reducing Obesity-Related Medical Issues May Be A Plant Oil known as sterculic oil 25 March
Eskimo Study Suggests Diet Rich In Omega-3 Fats May Reduce Risk Of Obesity-Related Disease  25 March
Evidence on Weight-Loss Supplements Found Too Light 30 March
Countless supplements, potions, pills, and other products being enthusiastically advertised (and sold) for weight loss. Although this is a billion dollar market, most users of these products (after spending a fortune) will have realised that virtually none of them hold any of the advertised promises

 Physical Activity-                                                    –
7 investments that are effective in increasing physical activity levels:  23 March
A complementary document to: The Toronto Charter for Physical Activity: A Global Call to Action  Whole-of-community approaches where people live, work and recreate have the opportunity to mobilize large numbers of people
Exercise Lowers Salt’s Impact on Blood Pressure : 25 March

 Behaviour – Consumption                             
Home Plate Report:What Consumers are Eating Behind Closed Doors CCFN:  23 March
Diet sodas: They have their pros and cons : 24 March
Targeting Parents’ Diet To Tackle Childhood Obesity  A.S. Sharma  April 1
The greatest effects were achieved through inclusion of a parent-centered diet program, indicating the importance of targeting parents within treatment