Obesity Research and Prevention News Headlines Review: April 15,  2011
in collaboration with the Canadian Obesity Network  (CON)  and The Research Chair in Obesity from Université Laval
Follow Obesity News and more news on Twitter

Network News                                                                  .
National Obesity Summit 2011: The preliminary program is available by clicking here. 
 
 Epidemiology-                                                              
Cardiometabolic Risk in Canada Arya Sharma 6 April

Etiology – Determinants                                                       –
Sugar-sweetened beverages account for at least 20% of the weight gained between 1977 and 2007 in the United States 5 April
Actions that are successful in reducing sweetened beverage consumption are likely to have a measurable impact on obesity.
The Metabolic Signaling Pathway Responsible For Dyslipidemia Identified By Researchers 6 April
A nutrient sensing pathway  is involved in the disruption of cellular lipid homeostasis in obese and insulin resistant mice fed a diet high in fat and sucrose. AMPK directly suppresses SREBP via its phosphorylation, inhibiting the activity of its target lipogenic enzymes in the liver, and accounting for the protective effects of the polyphenols on fatty liver, blood lipids and diabetic atherosclerosis.

Complications                                                                 
Getting To The Root Of Fatty Liver Disease  6 April
Study Clarifies Link Between High-Fat Diet And Type 2 Diabetes: saturated fatty acids activate an inflammatory protein  12 April
Saturated fatty acids but not the unsaturated type can activate immune cells to produce an inflammatory protein, called interleukin-1beta.

VIDEO : The role of inflammation in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes:  MyHealthyWaist 6 April

Treatment                                                         
The CONQUER study Phase 3 positive results of Qnexa for Obesity and associated co-morbidities:  11 April
Diet plus exercise is more effective for weight loss than either method alone: 14 April
Using « healthy lifestyle changes », town cuts heart attack rate by 24% in 15 months. 3 April
Obesity surgery ‘cuts’ diabetes 13 April

Management                                                          
Combination of weight loss and exercise provides greater improvement in physical function in obese older individuals A S Sharma 4 April
How Effective is Lifestyle Management of Obesity? A S  Sharma  15 April
There is good evidence that individualised interventions that take a more holistic approach and are delivered by a multi-disciplinary team of health professionals in a manner consistent with best-practices in chronic disease management are most likely to succeed in the long-term

 Policy – Prevention                                            
While tax to « junk food » had some impact, placing a warning label on poor choices had much greater effect.  11 April
While adding a tax to « junk food » selections had some impact, they found, placing a warning label on poor choices had much greater effect. Labels with graphic photos – like those on Canada’s cigarette packages – might dissuade still more overweight adults from buying food that would pack on more pounds.

 Children                                                      
Overweight Children: How Parents Can Talk to Kids About Weight  15 April

 Nutrition – Diet                                                  
Functional Iron Deficiency in Obesity  A S Sharma 11 April
Blueberries Contain Vital Polyphenols That May Help Curb Obesity 11 April
The highest dose of blueberry polyphenols yielded a 73% decrease in lipids; the lowest dose showed a 27% decrease. Red wine also has anthocyanosides, catechins, proanthocyanidins, stilbenes and other phenolics.

 Physical Activity-                                                    –
Community-Wide Programs To Encourage Exercise Might Fall Short: 14 April

People with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease may benefit from a walking program  13 April
Walking on a treadmill is great for overall health, but it also may put the brakes on the development of fatty liver disease in obese people who are pre-diabetic.
Exercising gets more important with age  13 April
Study: high-intensity exercise may be better than endurance training for preventing cardiovascular disease 13 April
The teens in the high-intensity group achieved those health benefits with only 15% of the exercise time put in by those in the moderate-intensity group
Is GameBike An Effective Way To Increase Physical Activity?  Obesity Panacea 14 April
VIDEO : Physical activity: it’s never too late:  MyHealthyWaist 17 March

 Behaviour – Consumption                             
Restaurants say consumers are finally ordering healthier meals – USATODAY.com:  April 14
Study: Compulsive eaters may have ‘food addiction’ – USATODAY.com:   13 April

Environment                                    
Fat Stigma Spreads Around the Globe 11 April

Industry -Marketing–                                

Restaurants say consumers are finally ordering healthier meals – USATODAY.com: 13 April
For the first two months of 2011, the top-selling entree at Applebee’s wasn’t a gloppy burger or flashy fajita plate. It was a sirloin and shrimp entree from the chain’s diet menu. This marks the first time that a low-calorie item ever ranked as the chain’s best seller for a single month — let alone two in a row.