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4 Lifestyle Factors (no smoke, eat healthily, exercise regularly, and alcohol moderately) Tied To Longer, Healthier Life Don’t smoke, eat healthily, exercise regularly, and go easy on the alcohol, and you are likely not only to have fewer chronic health problems, but also to live longer, according to a new study from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
In nine states, obesity already accounts for 10 percent or more of the state’s annual medical expenses, according to researchers from RTI International, Duke University and the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
Health and economic burden of the projected obesity trends in the USA and the UK : The Lancet 26 August
trends project 65 million more obese adults in the USA and 11 million more obese adults in the UK by 2030, consequently accruing an additional 6—8·5 million cases of diabetes, 5·7—7·3 million cases of heart disease and stroke, 492 000—669 000 additional cases of cancer, and 26—55 million quality-adjusted life years forgone for USA and UK combined.
Etiology – Determinants -Environment
Quantification of the effect of energy imbalance on bodyweight : The Lancet 26 August
mathematical modelling approach to adult human metabolism that simulates energy expenditure adaptations during weight loss. Also a web-based simulator for prediction of weight change dynamics. The average increase of energy intake needed to sustain the increased weight (the maintenance energy gap) has amounted to about 0·9 MJ per day
In low-income countries, obesity mostly affects middle-aged adults (especially women) from wealthy, urban environments; whereas in high-income countries it affects both sexes and all ages, but is disproportionately greater in disadvantaged groups. Within populations, the interactions between environmental and individual factors, including genetic makeup, explain variability in body size between individuals.
Slide kit: Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in relation to diabetes and cardiovascular disease MyHealthyWaist 16 August